Senbongi studied acting at the Japan Narration Institute. Before graduating, she made her debut as Claire Kokonoe in Chronicles of the Going Home Club. In 2015, she joined I’m Enterprise. She voiced Mumei, the first main heroine in the anime series Kabaneri of the Iron Fortress.
She played Chitose Karasuma in Girlish Number. She won the Best Rookie Actresses at the 11th Seiyu Awards. On September 1, 2019, it was selected as in the Saturday personality for the program Hino Midnight Graffiti Run! Kayokyoku from October 2019.
On December 29, 2019, her agency announced in a statement that she and fellow voice actor Tasuku Hatanaka have gotten married.